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网站的组成
[来源:www.xfdjb.com] [作者:保定网站建设] [日期:19-02-22] [浏览次数:]

网站的组成
Composition of the website
在早期,域名•●、空间服务器与程序是网站的基本组成部分,随着科技的不断进步,网站的组成也日趋复杂,目前多数网站由域名•●、空间服务器•●、DNS域名解析•●、网站程序•●、数据库等组成。
In the early days, domain names, spatial servers and programs were the basic components of websites. With the continuous progress of science and technology, the composition of websites became more and more complex. At present, most websites are composed of domain names, spatial servers, DNS domain name resolution, website procedures, databases and so on.
域名
domain name
域名(Domain Name),是由一串用点分隔的字母组成的Internet上某一台计算机或计算机组的名称。用于在数据传输时标识计算机的电子方位(有时也指地理位置),域名
Domain Name is the name of a computer or group of computers on the Internet, which consists of a series of dot-separated letters. Used to identify the computer's electronic location (sometimes geographic location) and domain name in data transmission
已经成为互联网的品牌•●、网上商标保护必备的产品之一。通俗的说,域名就相当于一个家庭的门牌号码,别人通过这个号码可以很容易的找到你。以一个常见的域名为例说明,baidu网址是由二部分组成,标号“baidu”是这个域名的主域名体,而最后的标号“com”则是该域名的后缀,代表的这是一个com国际域名,是顶级域名。而前面的www.是网络名, 为www的域名。
It has become one of the indispensable products for Internet brand and online trademark protection. Generally speaking, a domain name is equivalent to a family's door number, through which others can easily find you. Taking a common domain name as an example, the Baidu website is composed of two parts. The label "Baidu" is the main domain name of the domain name, while the last label "com" is the suffix of the domain name, representing a com international domain name and a top-level domain name. The previous www. is the network name, the domain name of www.
DNS规定,域名中的标号都由英文字母和数字组成。每一个标号不超过63个字符,也不区分大小写字母。标号中除连字符(-)外不能使用其他的标点符号。级别最低的域名写在最左边,而级别最高的域名写在最右边。
DNS stipulates that the labels in domain names are composed of letters and numbers in English. Each label does not exceed 63 characters and does not distinguish between upper and lower case letters. No punctuation except hyphens (-) can be used in labels. The lowest level domain name is written on the leftmost side, while the highest level domain name is written on the rightmost side.
空间
space
常见网站空间:虚拟主机,虚拟空间,独立服务器,云主机,VPS。
Common Web Site Space: Virtual Host, Virtual Space, Independent Server, Cloud Host, VPS.
虚拟主机是在网络服务器上划分出一定的磁盘空间供用户放置站点•●、应用组件等;提供必要的站点功能•●、数据存放和传输功能。所谓虚拟主机,也叫“网站空间”,就是把一台运行在互联网上的服务器划分成多个“虚拟”的服务器。每一个虚拟主机都具有独立的域名和完整的Internet服务器(支持WWW•●、FTP•●、E-mail等)功能。虚拟主机是网络发展的福音,极大的促进了网络技术的应用和普及。同时虚拟主机的租用服务也成了网络时代新的经济形式。虚拟主机的租用类似于房屋租用。
Virtual host is to divide a certain disk space on the network server for users to place sites, application components, etc. It provides necessary site functions, data storage and transmission functions. The so-called virtual host, also known as "website space", is to divide a server running on the Internet into several "virtual" servers. Each virtual host has its own domain name and complete Internet server (supporting WWW, FTP, E-mail, etc.). Virtual host is the gospel of network development, which greatly promotes the application and popularization of network technology. At the same time, the rental service of virtual hosts has become a new economic form in the network era. The rental of virtual hosts is similar to that of houses.
VPS即指虚拟专用服务器,是将一个服务器分区成多个虚拟独立专享服务器的技术。每个使用VPS技术的虚拟独立服务器拥有各自独立的公网IP地址•●、操作系统•●、硬盘空间•●、内存空间•●、CPU资源等,还可以进行安装程序•●、重启服务器等操作,与运行一台独立服务器完全相同。
VPS refers to virtual private servers, which is the technology of partitioning a server into multiple virtual independent proprietary servers. Each virtual independent server using VPS technology has its own independent public network IP address, operating system, hard disk space, memory space, CPU resources, etc. It can also install programs, restart servers and other operations, exactly the same as running an independent server.
程序源代码
program source code
程序即建设与修改网站所使用的编程语言,换成源代码就是一堆按一定格式书写的文字和符号。
The program is the programming language used to construct and modify the website, and the source code is a pile of words and symbols written in a certain .
“比如在这个网页上右键鼠标,选择查看源文件,出来一个记事本,里面的内容就是此网页的源代码。”这句话就体现了他们的关系,此处的源文件是指网页的源代码,而源代码就是源文件的内容,所以又可以称做网页的源代码。
"For example, on this page, right-click the mouse, choose to view the source file, come out of a notepad, the content is the source code of this page." This sentence reflects their relationship, where the source file refers to the source code of the web page, and the source code is the content of the source file, so it can be called the source code of the web page.
源代码是指原始代码,可以是任何语言代码。
Source code refers to the original code, which can be any language code.
汇编码是指源代码编译后的代码,通常为二进制文件,比如DLL•●、EXE•●、.NET中间代码•●、JAVA中间代码等。
Assembly code refers to code compiled from source code, usually binary files, such as DLL, EXE,. NET interte code, JAVA interte code, etc.
高级语言通常指C/C++ •●、 BASIC•●、C# •●、JAVA•●、PASCAL 等等  汇编语言就是ASM,只有这个,比这个更低级的就是机器语言了。
High-level languages usually refer to assembly languages such as C/C++, BASIC, C#, JAVA, PASCAL and so on. ASM is the only assembly language. Machine language is the lower level than this.
浏览器就好像程序的编译器,它会帮我们把源代码翻译成看到的模样。
Browsers are like compilers of programs, which help us translate the source code into what we see.

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